Competition Policy, Globalisation & The International Competition Network: A comment to Almunia’s speech at the twelfth annual conference of the International Competition Network

Robert Miklós Babirad J.D. Masters Diploma candidate in EU Law, King’s College London; Post Graduate Diploma in EU Law (Merit); Member of the New York Bar   1          Introduction On April 24, 2013, Mr Joaquín Almunia, Vice President of the European Commission responsible for Competition Policy delivered a speech entitled “The Evolutionary Pressure of Globalisation on Competition Control”[1] at the twelfth annual conference of the International Competition Network (ICN) in Warsaw, Poland.  Mr. Almunia’s speech reflects his view of the International Competition Network’s critical role…

Enlarging the EU ‘Club’: Dobrodošla Hrvatska!

Dr. Agne Limante MA candidate in EU Law at King’s College London   Today, the 1st of July, right in the mid-summer heat, Croatia will become the 28th member of the European Union. It will happen 22 years and just few days after Croatia declared its independence[1] and disintegration of Yugoslavia began bringing to the region war, genocide and ethnic cleansing. This article will take a brief look at Croatia’s accession process, highlighting its main challenges and reminding of the EU accession conditionality applied towards…

The Year of the Citizen: Moving Beyond Lip Service

Amanda Spalding LLM student at King’s College London   This year has been deemed the Year of the Citizen by the European Union, thus it seems appropriate to look at what it actually means to be an EU citizen today. EU Citizenship was introduced (some would say invented) in 1992.[i] It was initially a merely symbolic concept with very few actual consequences; however the Court of Justice of the European Union (the Court, the Court of Justice) has over the years significantly expanded its relevance…

A Continuing analysis of the Never-Ending Story: Golden Shares after Italian elections

Jelena Ganza PhD candidate, Dickson Poon School of Law, KCL   ‘Golden shares’ challenged The ‘golden shares’ (hereafter GS) were created at the time of privatisation when the EU Member States’ Governments were actively disposing of their shareholdings in former state monopolies, such as energy companies and telecoms. Under the normal operation of company laws a loss of share ownership would normally trigger a loss of control.  However, since many of the privatised companies were operating in strategic industries which provided public services, the Governments…

The Kadi Saga: UN targeted asset-freezing sanctions under scrutiny

Georgina Morgan LLM Student at King’s College London   The (previous named) ECJ’s decision in September 2008 in Kadi I has been called “one of the most discussed judgments in ECJ history.”[1] Following the recent release of the Attorney General’s Opinion in Kadi II, and in anticipation of the CJEU’s decision, this controversial litigation appears an apt topic for ‘The Year of the Citizen’. Bearing in mind the original conception of the European Union as a trade union, the fact that one of the Court’s…

The European Citizens’ Initiative: Giving Voice to EU Citizens

Anastasia Karatzia PhD Researcher, School of Law, University of Surrey   Introduction The term European or, more precisely, European Union (EU) citizenship finds expression within a web of rights and responsibilities contained in primary and secondary EU legislation. This year marks the 20th anniversary of the establishment of EU citizenship and as such an EU campaign entitled ‘The European Year of Citizens 2013’ has been launched to raise awareness of the general public about those rights and responsibilities. The campaign also aims to send the…

Proposed Changes to Simplified Merger Notification Procedure

Robert Miklós Babirad J.D. Masters Diploma candidate in EU Law, King’s College London; Post Graduate Diploma in EU Law (Merit); Member of the New York Bar   I           Introduction On March 27, 2013, the Commission invited public comments regarding a proposal to simplify procedures under the EU Merger Regulation.[1]  Changes would include altering market share thresholds relating to which mergers would qualify for access to the simplified merger notification procedure.[2]  Additionally, Commission Regulation (EC) No 802/2004 implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 139/2004[3] (`the Implementing Regulation’)…

The Single Banking Supervisor: A giant’s step towards a genuine EMU?

Andrea Redondo LL.M in European Law and Economic Analysis, College of Europe; BSc Economics and Finance, LSE; LLB, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and Universidad Complutense of Madrid   Introduction On 5 December 2012 a report signed by Mr. Van Rompuy (President of the European Council) in close collaboration with Mr. Barroso (President of the European Commission), Mr. Juncker (President of the Eurogroup) and Mr. Draghi (President of the European Central Bank) was issued, which outlined the steps to be adopted to tend towards a genuine…

Effective judicial protection in the European Year of Citizens 2013

Mehmed Yuseinov LLB Law and European Studies graduate from the University of Portsmouth   In its practice exceeding more than fifty years, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has developed several seminal legal principles with an aim to ensure a uniform and consistent application of the EU Treaties.[i] Guaranteeing smooth interpretation and application of EU law is not only an aspiration, but also the CJEU’s duty established under Article 19 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU).[ii] This article seeks to provide…

Radu judgment: A lost opportunity and a story of how the mutual trust obsession shelved human rights

Ermioni Xanthopoulou PhD Candidate, King’s College London   On 29th January 2013, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) delivered its judgment in the Radu case.[i] In this case the Court was asked to interpret the Framework Decision on the European Arrest Warrant (FDEAW) through the prism of the Charter of Fundamental Right of the European Union (the Charter) and the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR). While this judgment was expected to open the door to a more human rights-enshrined interpretation of the…

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